The Constitution of India - Preamble

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a [SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC][1] and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the [unity and integrity of the Nation][2];
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

Preamble to the Constitution of India.pdf (306.6 KB)


  1. Subs. by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, s. 2 for “SOVEREIGN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC” (w.e.f. 3-1-1977). ↩︎

  2. Subs. by ibid, for “unity of the Nation” (w.e.f. 3-1-1977). ↩︎

1 Like